Stainless steel 304 (Inox 304 – UNS S30400) is offering the most highly applicable when using the most popular and favored today. Over 50% of all stainless steel is produced. And in many countries account for 50% -60 Stainless steel 304% stainless steel is consumed and used in almost all applications in all industry sectors, as well as appearing everywhere around everyday life. ..
304 stainless steel is not only appropriate but also in all applications. However, an understanding of the properties of 304 stainless steel will provide a good basis for the comparison of other members of the family of austenitic stainless steel and practical basis which determines the suitability of stainless steel a certain application.
Stainless steel type 304L stainless steel type of low carbon content (L – Low – low). 304L is used to prevent corrosion in critical welds. 304H stainless steel type is also kind of has a higher carbon content of 304L, are used in areas requiring higher reliability. Stainless Steel 304L and 304H are both exist in plate and pipe, but 304H is less production. 304L stainless steel is low carbon version of 304. Grade 304H with higher carbon content is found in high temperature applications.
Some characteristics of 304 stainless steel:
- Resistance to corrosion / oxidation due to the metal components Cr: Inox 304 has demonstrated resistance to their excellent corrosion when exposed to many different chemicals. 304 stainless steel is resistant to rust in most architectural applications, in most environments of food processing and very easy to clean. Also, Inox 304 also demonstrate its corrosion resistance in the textile dyeing and in most inorganic acid.
- Shaping and welding are
- Easy cleaning, fabrication and shaping: Inox 304 is capable of producing very good shape, it can be laminated without heating. This makes this exclusive stainless steel in the manufacture of stainless steel details.
- Low temperature properties responding well to hardening by cooling
- High heat resistance: There is a high toughness, even down to very low temperatures. Like in the line of austenitic steels, the magnetic properties of 304 stainless steel is very weak and almost non-existent. But after working in an environment with low temperatures, the magnetism is very strong (this process goes against me – I was the main method for production of stainless steel 304. It will heat up to 1010 ° C – 1120 ° C, and then suddenly cooled by immersion in cold water)