The most important ‘plea’ is that many businesses (businesses) expect to have a stable and transparent policy because there is a chance for new enterprises to actively adjust the strategy of sustainable development and avoid The previous situation is the “key” followed by “pilot” which makes it difficult for the mechanical industry to promote efficiency.
Engineering is considered the “backbone” industry of the economy, the platform provides tools and production materials as well as productivity for most sectors from production to consumption. However, there is a fact that although the geographical development is quite large, the Vietnamese mechanical enterprises are facing the risk of falling behind and being uncompetitive on the “home ground”. Therefore, it is necessary to have a “right view” with appropriate steps for the industry to contribute to completing the target of industrialization and modernization of the country.
Difficulties of mechanical enterprises
According to calculations by experts, the total demand for machinery and equipment in our country from now to 2030 is estimated at 350 billion USD. That is not to mention the supporting industry market if it is possible to participate in the global value chain, the development space is much larger. Thus, only the capacity of the domestic mechanical market is enough to “feed” enterprises. According to the Vietnam Association of Mechanical Enterprises (VAMI), if there is a reasonable market policy, the Vietnamese mechanical industry is fully capable of meeting up to 70% of the market demand by 2030.
Regarding the market issue, Deputy Director of Industry Department (Ministry of Industry and Trade) Pham Tuan Anh shared, even in the domestic market, mechanical enterprises are also difficult to participate in investment projects to install equipment for one the number of industries, such as steel, chemicals, energy … The first reason comes from free trade commitments, leaving many tariff barriers for domestic production removed, while competitiveness remains not yet improved. In addition, the technical barrier in this area is not strong enough to protect the domestic market before imports. Mechanical enterprises have been weak, and now lack of output for products, so they have no conditions to accumulate and invest in technology innovation. This is a vicious cycle in the process of developing Vietnam’s mechanical industry for many years without satisfactory solutions.
In addition, the “disease” of lack of investment capital in the past 20 years has not been solved, making the mechanical industry no longer a “hot job.” Due to the need to make a living, it has affected the quality of labor resources of the industry, along with the policy for the mechanical industry is still unstable or enterprises have received support but not fully as prescribed.
Due to the need for large capital, long recovery time, the mechanical industry needs a good vision of the market. Once there is a market, surely many businesses are ready to embark on technological innovation to improve production capacity and capacity. So, how to revive the domestic mechanical industry to develop with the potential?
Build the motive force
One of the most effective ways to do this is to build the locomotives that attract the surrounding satellites in order to limit the dispersion of resources, to support pedestals and to support enterprises to develop together.
Built in Chu Lai Open Economic Zone (Quang Nam), the automobile engineering industrial park of Truong Hai Automobile Company (Thaco) has a total area of 650 hectares with six automobile assembly and production plants, 14 factories. Production of spare parts with modern equipment lines transferred from European, Japanese and Korean partners.
Director of Industry Support Division of Truong Hai Doan Dat Ninh said that the Company’s Mazda car factory is now one of the most modern factories in Southeast Asia, meeting the quality requirements of generations of cars. new in the direction of less fuel consumption, electric energy use and environmental friendliness, 80% automation assembly line … In particular, the factory applies a production operating system on a digital basis. connecting with automatic production lines throughout the factory with information throughout the value chain from ordering to delivery according to the specific requirements of customers, in accordance with the spirit of the industrial revolution 4.0 …
Similarly, in the field of industrial construction, many large projects implemented by domestic general contractors have been highly appreciated for quality and progress. The strong commitment of the State to domestic large enterprises as EPC project general contractors has achieved many successes.
It is possible to mention two hydropower projects of Son La and Lai Chau. Here, local contractors have exceeded the annual schedule, benefiting tens of trillions of dong. Or succeeding in Vung Ang 1 Thermal Power Project by Vietnam Machinery Installation Corporation (LILAMA) as EPC general contractor has built a team of professional thermal engineers, engineers, workers … Team This in the long term can participate in many projects in many other areas such as synchronous equipment manufacturing, railways, subways …
Thus, if invested properly and methodically, the above mentioned ships will step by step create a role and position as well as reshape the way of development of the mechanical industry towards higher specialization. limit the dispersion of resources, ensure production stability.
Vice Chairman and General Secretary of Vietnam Association of Mechanical Enterprises (VAMI) Nguyen Chi Sang said that if domestic enterprises can compete with big FDI companies themselves, domestic enterprises “never win”. Therefore, in all sectors, especially mechanics, it is necessary to build a number of leading enterprises with capital and technical capacity, thereby gradually attracting small enterprises to “follow” together.
Need to stabilize policy
Market creation through the locomotives is necessary, but more importantly, mechanical policies must be stable and long-term.
The story from two Quynh Lap 1 and Quang Trach 1 thermo-power plants is still a good example of inconsistent policy. According to Mr. Nguyen Chi Sang, it is necessary to well implement the policy guidelines. Specifically, for the two above projects, it is necessary to bid in the country for the domestic packages that can be guaranteed in accordance with regulations, and at the same time boldly assign prestigious domestic contractors to build. In the long run, it is necessary to continue bidding for the items mentioned in Decision 1791 for other thermal power projects. This helps improve the localization rate and qualifications and capacity of Vietnamese enterprises.
On the basis of Vietnam’s mechanical industry can do a lot of good products, but the financial resources of the country are limited, the authorities should focus on reviewing some key mechanical products with marketing. schools and good development conditions to have more focused support policies such as shipbuilding, manufacturing of synchronous equipment, electrical equipment, automobiles, movers, and agricultural machines, avoiding great policy. Good tissue, but poorly deployed. In addition, for projects using budget capital, there should be sanctions that require the use of standard Vietnamese materials and equipment.
According to VAMI Chairman Dao Phan Long, these products are mostly public investment, so it is necessary to have policies to reserve orders first for domestic mechanics as many other countries have done in a way. Strictly. The State needs to calculate and support domestic enterprises to have many orders and markets, thus having conditions to accumulate for investment and development. In addition, it is necessary to build a synchronous policy system to minimize the import of obsolete technology, machinery, equipment, energy consumption, environmental pollution. “If not doing these things well, domestic mechanics will be very difficult to get breakthrough opportunities in the coming time,” Mr. Long stressed.
Particularly for the shipbuilding industry, summarizing 10 years of implementing the Vietnam Sea Strategy to 2020, this field is not commensurate with the potential and lack of quality fleets to exploit the strong and strong potentials. sea. Although the shipbuilding industry is no longer defined as a spearhead industry, the shipbuilding industry still plays a very important role.
According to the General Director of Dung Quat Phan Tu Giang Shipyard, the demand for international transactions between world economies is on the rise, so the maritime sector will have more growth potential. including “acting land” for the shipbuilding industry. However, at present, the old problems still surround many shipyards, so there should be a mechanism to help shipbuilding enterprises conduct reforms, even bankruptcy, then the businesses This industry can return to normal production and business activities. Shipyards with infrastructure, machinery and equipment invested, with technical staff, skilled workers are a great asset of the country, if left for the shipbuilding enterprises to flood In old debt, unable to participate in production and business activities will be no small loss.
To promote the development of mechanical enterprises, especially small and medium enterprises (majority), the support of additional resources on capital, land, interest rates … is very important. However, sometimes the stability of the new policy is something that many businesses care about. Accordingly, it is necessary to have more fundamental and stronger changes in directing and organizing the implementation of regulations in mechanical development to help businesses develop in the right direction, with a proper business strategy and vision. Long-term to better development in the trend of increasingly integrated today.
According to Cokhivietnam.vn